The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) made an in loco visit to Brazil from November 5 to 12, 2018, following an invitation from the Brazilian state on November 29, 2017. The IACHR and the Brazilian state agreed on the date of the visit, the objective of which was to observe the human rights situation in Brazil on the ground. The IACHR’s last in loco visit to Brazil took place in 1995.
The IACHR wishes to draw attention to some urgent situations that require from the national authorities and from society as a whole due visibility, attention and urgent solution:
Repeated violations of rights against indigenous peoples, which suffer frequent episodes of violence and lack of attention by public services, in addition to facing difficulties and growing obstacles to the demarcation of their lands and difficulties presented by the framework's thesis temporary.
In particular, the Commission denounces the situation of the Guaraní-Kaiowá Community in Mato Grosso do Sul, which survives an atmosphere of violence by armed militias, violations of the right to traditional territory and denunciations received from the separation of indigenous mothers and children. The indigenous Muratu community in Paquiçamba / Pará, which is suffering the environmental impact of the construction of the Belo Monte power plant. Also the indigenous community of Aldea de Açaizal in Santarém / For that they are subjected to practices of coercion, threats and intimidation attempts to exercise the right to defend their rights. In this regard, the IACHR wants to register publicly that not only did it receive complaints about these practices, but it was the direct target of harassment in the locality.
The violence suffered by the quilombola population, the attacks on their right to land, the ethnic-racial prejudice and the precarious access to citizenship. The commission denounces that 3 communities of Quilombo de Alcantara, in Maranhao, have been affected by the expropriation of their lands due to the non-recognition of their traditional territory. In Bahia, the villages of Quilombo Rio de los Macacos face restrictions on access to water and are living in extremely precarious and unhealthy living conditions and are victims of murders and sexual violence. For its part, the community of Quilombo de Pitanga de Palmares was informed of acts of violence and discrimination, for example, the murder of the community leader, which remains in impunity.
The violence in the countryside that affects peasants who fight for the right to land, and the working conditions to which many of these rural workers are subjected, sometimes strenuous, working in situations analogous to slavery. In addition, the insecurity that affects many because of the indiscriminate use and without due protection of chemical substances such as pesticides and other pesticides that affect their health and put their lives at risk is worrisome. In Marabá, Pará, the IACHR found a settlement of rural workers affected by police violence in land eviction processes. In this week in Minas Gerais, there is an imminent risk of eviction of 450 families who lived 20 years ago in the camp of Quilombo Campo Grande without comprehensive planning that guarantees the integral protection of their lives.